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Wellknown flowers

0. Nettle

Ouch! This plant stings! Better not touch it!

Frank Vincentz (cc)

1. Buttercup

This flower is poisonous when eaten fresh by cattle, but their acrid taste means they are usually left uneaten.

Kurt Stueber (cc)

2. Thistle

Ouch! This is a prickly plant!

Kurt Stueber (cc)

3. Poppy

When you pick this flower, it quickly wilts.

Rob Hooft (cc)

4. Daisy

This flower grows everywhere in lawns.

Tom.k (cc)

5. Daffodil

This flower is perceived in the West as a symbol of vanity, in the East as a symbol of wealth and good fortune.

Martin Hirtreiter (cc)

6. Dandelion

The leaves of this flower are eaten in salads, and its roots can be used to make 'coffee'.

Sebastian Stabinger/Paethon (cc)

7. Snowdrop

This plant flowers very early in the spring.

Caroig (cc)

8. Tulip

This flower is cultivated in a variety of colors. The Netherlands is one of the biggest exporters of this flower.

Robert F. Carter/Bettycrocker (cc)

9. White clover

If this plant has four leaves, it is said to bring luck.

Leo Michels (pd)

10. Sunflower

This flower is grown for its seeds, which are pressed for oil, or are used in salads and breads.

Peter Heeling (pd)

Somewhat less known flowers

0. Field pansy

This flower is seen as a weed of disturbed and cultivated areas.

Peter Heeling (pd)

1. Chives

This plant is family of the onions, leek and garlic, and is often used in salads and to flavor butter.

Patrick Reijnders (cc)

2. Broom

This ornamental plant is used for sand dune stabilising.

MPF Newcastle (cc)

3. Dahlia

This flower comes in a variety of stunning and bright colours.

KayEss (cc)

4. Dill

This plant is an herb which is often used to flavor fish and pickles.

Toubib (cc)

5. Deadnettle

This plant looks as if it stings, but it doesn't.

TeunSpaans (cc)

6. Common hogweed

This plant shouldn't be touched, because that can lead to skin irritation.

Christian Fischer (cc)

7. Greater plantain

This plant is abundant beside paths, roadsides, and other areas with frequent soil compaction.

Rasbak (cc)

8. Hyacinth

This nicely smelling flower originated from Syria and Irak, and became popular in Europe in the 16th century.

Rasbak (cc)

9. Chamomile

These flowers are used to make tea.

Penarc (cc)

10. Honeysuckle

This climbing plant has a strong sweet scent in the evening.

Rex (pd)

11. Poinsettia

This beautifully colored flower is often associated with Christmas.

Scott Bauer (pd)

12. Cucumber

The fruits of this plant are eaten as vegetable, in salads.

USDA (pd)

13. Cornflower

In the past this flower often grew as a weed in crop fields, hence its name.

Maximilian Buehn (cc)

14. Ox eye daisy

This flower is often used in ornamental gardens.

sannse (cc)

15. Mimosa

These flowers have small leaves and many stamens.

Eric Hunt (cc)

16. Peppermint

You can make tea of this plant.

Sten Porse (cc)

17. Giant hogweed

Don't touch this plant. It can cause skin irritation.

GerardM (cc)

18. Red clover

This flower was used to feed cattle.

Rasbak (cc)

19. Rosemary

This nicely smelling plant is used in the kitchen.

Jean Tosti (cc)

20. Thyme

This herb is used in the kitchen, but also in soap.

Kurt Stueber (cc)

21. Carnation

Colombia is the biggest producer of this flower.

Darkone (cc)

22. Flax

This plant has been cultivated for more than six thousand years, to make linen.

Rasbak (cc)

Hard-to-guess flowers

0. Jerusalem artichoke

This plant is cultivated for its tuber, which is used as a root vegetable.

Paul Fenwick (cc)

1. Anemone

This flower, which exists in many colors, is family of the buttercup.

Rex (pd)

2. Aster

This garden plant originated in North-America.

TeunSpaans (cc)

3. Kingcup

This plant is native to marshes, fens, ditches and wet woodland.

TeunSpaans (cc)

4. Chervil

This plant is used in the kitchen, and is used in the French herb mixture 'fines herbes'.

RasBak (cc)

5. Cow parsley

This plant is a particularly common sight by the roadside.

Rasbak (cc)

6. Freesia

This flower smells so nice that it is often used in soap, shampoo, candles, etc...

Jeantosti (cc)

7. Ginger

The fragrant roots of this plant are used in the kitchen.

Aruna (cc)

8. Gypsophila

This plant is named after the type of soil it likes to grow on.


9. Golden dock

This plant lives on wet, supratidal, and rainbowed terrain.

Christian Fischer (cc)

10. Common butterbur

This plant has big leaves and grows next to water.

Roger Griffith (pd)

11. Purple loosestrife

This plant was used in tanneries. The juice of its roots could be used to dye wool red.

Radomil (cc)

12. Cowslip

This plant is seen in open fields, meadows, and coastal dunes and clifftops.

Rasbak (cc)

13. Goldenrod

Inventor Thomas Edison experimented with goldenrod to produce rubber.

Pethan (cc)

14. Heath violet

This flower is found near fens, on moist woodlands, especially on acidic soils.

b.gliwa (cc)

15. Hortensia

This flower is popular because of its bright colors.

P.J.L Laurens (cc)

16. Iris

Depictions of this flowers can be found in the egyptian pyramids.

Jerzy Opiola (cc)

17. Crown imperial

This plant can be used as a mole repellent.

Magalhaes (pd)

18. Coltsfoot

The ancient Romans smoked these flowers in a pipe.

Teun Spaans (cc)

19. Lily of the valley

This plant is grown for its scented flowers. It's used in perfumes and cosmetics.

Olegivvit (cc)

20. Mouse ear hawkweed

This plant thanks is called after it's hairy leaves.

Kurt Stueber (cc)

21. Orchid

The family of this plant has some 20.000 species.

Roepers (cc)

22. Phlox

These flowers are valued in the garden for their ability to attract butterflies.

Atilin (pd)

23. Peony

This scented flower attracts ants, and is the national symbol of China.

Fanghong (cc)

24. Larkspur

This poisonous plant is loved by bees and butterflies.

Stan Shebs (cc)

25. Broadleaf dock

This plant is easily recognizable by its very large leaves, and is considered a weed.

Sten Porse (cc)

26. Swamp milkweed

This plant is one of the best attractors of the Monarch butterfly, which feeds on the flowers and lays her eggs on them.

Teune (cc)

27. Hoary plantain

The ancient Romans used this plant for treating wounds and toothache.

Sten (cc)

28. St johns wort

This plant was used for its medicinal qualities.

Michael H. Lemmer (cc)

29. Opium poppy

From this plant seeds are extracted, which are used on breads and donuts.

Louise Joly (cc)

30. Ribwort plantain

This plant is a common weed of cultivated land.

Hans Hillewaert (cc)

31. Primrose

The flowers of this plant are sometimes used to make tea and to flavour wine.

Teun Spaans (cc)

32. Valerian

This flower attracts cats, which find its scent irrisitible.

Pethan (cc)

33. Stonecrop

This plant has water-storing leaves. They're also used on green roofs.

Darkone (cc)

34. Common soapwort

The roots of this plant were used to bleach laundry.

Teun Spaans (cc)

35. Ground elder

The tender leaves of this plant have been used as a spring leaf vegetable, much as spinach was used.

Caronna (cc)

36. Mountain pansy

This flower has adapted itself to certain mining areas.

Friedrich Holtz (cc)